The Costa Blanca in the Spanish region of Alicante consists of 200 kilometres of stunning coastline bordering the Mediterranean Sea. As a popular holiday destination for package deals targeted towards British and German holiday makers, it has garnered a lot of attention and many repeat foreign visitors.
The most northern point of Costa Blanca is Denia, next to Costa del Azahar, whilst it’s most southern point is Pilar de la Horadada, close to Costa Calida. Due to historical rule by the Moors army, a strong Arabic influence exists in many place names within the Costa Blanca and the rest of Spain.
The most popular holiday resorts of the Costa Blanca are Benidorm, Alicante, La Zenia, Moraira and Javea (Xabia).
The Moors Influence
The Moors began their conquest of Spain in 711, and within seven years had gained control of Costa Blanca. The Moors began the practice of planting citrus fruits such as oranges and peaches that is still widely favoured today. Almond trees are also abundant in the area. The Costa Blanca landscape owes its diverse and widespread landscape to the influence of the Moors.
The History Of Costa Blanca After The Moors
Although Alicante was restored to Christian control relatively quickly, the Moors were not completely removed from Spain until 1492 and the fall of Granada. Despite Spain been at its most powerful in the 16th century, it was subject to Berber pirate raids from 1500 to 1650. By the end of that era the country fell into decline.
The Spanish Civil War
The Spanish monarchy, once among the most powerful in Europe declined with the country. In 1812 the king had been forced into accepting a written constitution. This constitution set up the regional boundaries, yet the monarchy only survived until 1923, when Miguel Primo de Rivera forced Alfonso XIII into exile. The Spanish Civil War ended in 1939 after three years with victory for General Francisco Franco. Alicante and Moraira were noted for their staunch support for the defeated Republic.
Tourism Comes To The Costa Blanca
By the 1960s Franco and his ministers decided that the Spanish economy needed to develop and encouraging tourism was the ideal method to achieve this. Mass campaigns took place during the 1960s and 1970s, and by the time of Franco’s death, an average of 600,000 foreign visitors visited the Costa Blanca every year.
Costa Blanca Is More Than Just Beaches
The holiday makers that only stay on the beaches are missing out in some of the interesting parts of Spain. Take Denia for instance, when you look around this ancient town you can see the influence that the Romans and the Moors had on the area. Not too far from the beaches are small rustic villages that are fascinating if you want to learn about Spanish culture.
The whole area screams of beautiful scenery and you should look out for the orchards and the terraces. There is plenty of wildlife around too, especially in and around Torrevieja. Again you will need to hire a car to get around the best attractions.